Australia Walkabout Wildlife Park ~ Phone: (02) 43751100
Our Address ~ 1 Darkinjung Road, cnr Peats Ridge Road, Calga NSW, Australia 2250 ~

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Aboriginal History - Darkinjung


Aboriginal Territory

The inland Darkinjung people's territory extended from south of the Hunter River to as far north as Wollombi.

South of the Hawkesbury were another inland group called the Dharruk people.

The Kurringai people lived around Broken Bay, from North Sydney to Newcastle. At Newcastle they merged with the Awabagal people who lived in that area.

Another two tribes that merged were the Kurringai and Thurrawal people on the Sydney peninsula.

The Darkinjung and Kurringai people had a business relationship, coming together to trade. This facilitated a close, cooperative relationship between the two tribes. The Kurringai people would move inland into Darkinjung territory to hunt kangaroos and emus during winter. This territory sharing was reciprocated, with the Darkinjung people using their relationship with the Kurringai tribe to move down to the coast and enjoy seafood feasts in summer.

Relationships between tribes was not unusual. For example, tribes that inhabited coastal regions would exchange spears with inland tribes for clothing made from possum fur.

The Darkinjung People

The Darkinjung people were an inland group whose territory extended from the Hawkesbury River northwards about 60km to Wollombi and the Hunter River.

Their neighbours in the south and east were the Kurringai, in the southwest the Dharug, and to the north of Lake Macquarie the Awabagul people.

Darkinjung Food

Archaeological excavations reveal that the Darkinjung consumed a lot of seafood, primarily during the summer when the fish were abundant. They were mostly snapper, bream, leather jacket, rock cod and groper. Women used fishing lines and men used spears to catch them.

During the winter the Darkinjung turned more to the land, eating animals such as potoroo, emu, kangaroo, quoll, echidna, flying fox, wallaby and wallaroo. Wombats and koalas were not eaten much, if at all.

They would also eat burrawang palm seeds, yams and the roots of some ferns.

Darkinjung Weapons and Tools

Men used spears, spear throwers (woomera), clubs (waddy), wooden shields, boomerangs, stone hatchets and fishing spears (mootims).

Women carried items in string bags and coolamons (wooden vessels). The string or net bags were made from a knotted mesh of fibrous cord and were used to carry food and fishing gear. These bags were often slung from the forehead and hung down the women's backs.

Canoes were made from a sheet of bark, skewered at each end and plugged with xanthoroea gum.

Darkinjung Dwellings and Dress

Darkinjung dwellings, usually in groups of eight or nine huts, were constructed from sheets of bark flattened and supported on timber frames. The Darkinjung also used rock shelters, usually with a northeasterly aspect to best capture warmth and light from the sun.

Men usually dressed in a long cord of possum hair wound many times around their waists and from which three or four strips of possum skin, approximately 22cm long, hung down the front, back and from the hips. Women wore blankets or cloaks made of several possum skins.

Darkinjung Art

Art played a very important role in instruction in tribal mythology and values.

The Hawkesbury engravings, including those found at Walkabout Park, are thought to be among the richest and most varied in the world. The extensive sandstone platforms of the area provided ideal surfaces for the art form. There are over 4,000 engravings, stencils and paintings in this area.

Emu flesh was much sought after by Aborigines, so it's not surprising that the emu depicted in the rock carving at Walkabout Park has been speared. The emu was regarded as the mother of Daramoolen, one of the creator deities of the coastal Aborigines.


Opening times

Open every day except Christmas Day.eee

Day time visitors do not need to book

Open at 9am - Every day

Close at 5pm - Every day

Evening and overnight experiences 
must be pre-booked

Contact us

Australia Walkabout Wildlife Park

1 Darkinjung Road, cnr Peats Ridge Road, Calga, NSW Australia 2250 • Phone (02) 43751100 • Outside Aus +61 2 43751100 • Fax (02) 43751257

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Park Entry Prices

For group programs or for a private ranger-led tour, contact us for a quote.

Standard Tickets
Child - aged 3 to 15 years
Family Discounts
Family - 2 adults + 2 children
Extra child - with $70 Family Pass
Free Entry - eligibility conditions apply
No charge
No charge
Child - aged 0 to 2 years
Carer with Companion Card - accompanying disabled client
$20 Discount Tickets - must show ID Card
20% off Standard Adult Rate
20% off Standard Adult Rate
20% off Standard Adult Rate
20% off Standard Adult Rate


Ranger-led activities

Admission price includes daily ranger-led activities.

Please check with us as program may change.


Time What's on





Meet Waffles the Pig
Meet the mob: Kangaroos & Emus
Southern Hairy Nosed Wombat

Boomerang throwing
Dingo encounter
Koala encounter
Pat a Python
Echidna encounter
Night Hunters - Predator Birds

Tasmanian Devil encounter
Koala feed-time
Bare-Nosed Wombat encounter
Bush Tucker & Bush Medicine
Aboriginal Sites visit (only on
weekends & holidays)

Meet the mob: Kangaroos & Emus
Flying Fox introduction

0:00 Wild Emu and Kangaroo Feeding
10:30 Meet Billy Bilby
11:00 Koala Talk
11:30 Meet a Dingo
12:00 Boomerang Throwing
12:30 Pat a Python
1:00 Bush Tucker & Bush Medicine (weekends & holidays only)
1.00 Bush-Ochre Face Painting and Bunny Fun in the Farmyard
1:45 Lizards, Turtles and Dragons
2:15 Tazzie Devil Feeding 
2.30 Quoll Feeding
2:45 Koala Feeding
3:15 Flying Fox Feeding
3:30 Wombat Feeding
4:00 Wild Emu and Kangaroo Feeding
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